ATOC - Acorns to Oaks Children's Centre in Bangkok, Thailand

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The three types of Autistic Spectrum Disorder are as follows:

  1. Autism
  2. Aspergers
  3. Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)

Autism is a complex neurological disorder and is considered a spectrum disorder. It is characterised by impairment in communication, social interaction and restricted and repetitive behaviour. Called the ‘triad’ of symptoms, it affects children in different ways. Children with Autism do not naturally and easily acquire social communication skills and will have some unusual behaviours. They see the world in a different way and this can lead to anxiety. It affects approximate 1 % of the population with boys being four times more likely to be affected than girls.

There are many theories as to what causes Autism and more recently there are some preliminary results coming out of a large scale study into the DNA of children with Autism and the general population. Processing and organising of information in the brain is different. Onset is prior to 3 years although not always diagnosed.

 

Children with Aspergers Disorder often do speak by two but may sound different and will have difficulty interacting with their peers, often displaying unusual behaviours like counting things all the time, or talking about specific topics like ‘electricity’ repetitively. Often intelligence is normal although learning difficulties can occur because of a disordered pattern of behaviour. Most children with Aspergers have poor motor coordination and fine motor control.

 

PDD-NOS is a diagnosis where there are weak social interaction and communication skills with atypical or stereotyped behaviours but the full symptoms related with ASD are not present.

 

 
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